Have you grown raspberries in your garden and are they growing well? and Pruning a raspberry the rules to follow, You know that it is important to prune your plants to ensure better growth , but you lack knowledge on the subject when it comes to raspberries? You don’t have to worry, you’ve come to the right place.
You should know that the size of the raspberry bush will vary depending on whether it is a rising raspberry or a non-rising raspberry. In this article, we are going to show you the rules that you absolutely must follow to properly prune your raspberry bush.
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Outline of the article
- General presentation of the raspberry tree in our garden
- Differences between remontant raspberry and non-remontant raspberry
- Importance of raspberry pruning
- Best time to prune a raspberry bush
- Steps to follow to successfully prune a raspberry bush
General presentation of the raspberry tree in our garden
Also called “Mont Ida bramble” or “rubus idaeus”, the raspberry is a fruit shrub that looks like a thorny bramble with deciduous foliage. It is a perennial shrub that can reach 1.50 to 2 meters in height although it produces more when pruned below this height. The raspberry bush produces fruit once or twice a year between summer season and fall. The raspberry, which is the fruit of the raspberry bush, is an edible berry made up of sweet and juicy drupes (small balls).
Raspberries are red, golden or white in color. The raspberry is a shrub found in most gardens and vegetable patches in the countryside. They are usually trellised in hedges along the walls. The raspberry plant produces flowers that have many benefits for ecology, herbal medicine and gastronomy. It is a shrub that is relatively easy to grow, resists frost and can also be grown in containers.
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Differences between remontant raspberry and non-remontant raspberry
It is important to specify before starting that talking about a raspberry bush reblooming or non-blooming has nothing to do with whether the raspberry bush climbs or not.
The non-remontant raspberry still called uniferous raspberry bears fruit only once a year on the same stem. This happens either in late spring or early summer. We will proceed to the folding of the stems when they are dry. The shoots during the summer will rest during the winter in order to produce only the next spring.
The remontant raspberry or biferous raspberry will produce fruit twice during the year. First in the summer and also at the beginning of the autumn period. So unlike the non-remontant raspberry, Pruning a raspberry the rules to follow, the raspberry will produce a second time the following year and on the same stem still during the summer season.
Importance of raspberry pruning
Several reasons justify the fact of pruning the raspberry tree, we can notice among others that:
If it is not pruned, the raspberry can very quickly become invasive by its suckers. It should also be noted that raspberries are more productive when properly pruned . The pruned plants are generally more vigorous and produce more fruit the following year;
Dried raspberry twigs can cause stem rot, all the way down to the roots. This is why, it is necessary to be careful to cut them at ground level;
When the raspberry bush is well pruned, this prevents the appearance of hybrid fruits.
Best time to prune a raspberry bush
Several periods are indicated for the pruning of raspberries, and it depends on the variety as well as the type (non-remontant or remontant). The pruning that takes place at the end of October ( training pruning ) is ideal because the majority of raspberries have already fruited. As for repeat-bearing raspberries, some varieties are late and their fruiting sometimes lasts until the beginning of November.
In this type of case, pruning must be carried out in February ( this pruning is considered the cleaning pruning ). For the non-everbearing raspberry, pruning planning is more obvious and it takes place twice a year in winter and during spring. Finally, note that you need pruning shears as well as raffia to tie the residue of dry stems into bundles.
Steps to follow to successfully prune a raspberry bush
Prune a non-remontant raspberry bush
Do it at the end of winter , 10 cm from the ground. Cut the thin stems. Choose 10 stems per meter and trellis accordingly.
Prune a rising raspberry
Prune the raspberries at the end of the last harvest by reducing the stems that have borne fruit by 20 to 30 cm. For the young shoots, prune them by about 70 cm and do a thinning pruning in June.
Prune a raspberry bush after planting
Wait at least 2 years after planting to prune your raspberries. Shorten the plants to 30 cm from the ground and prune them again in the spring.
Prune a raspberry bush to bear fruit
Cut the dry stems that have produced near the ground as well as the green ones that have not yet fruited.
Prune a raspberry that is too high
When pruning, take care to keep the raspberry bush at a maximum height of 1.50 m and systematically cut off any excess before flowering.